The main elemental composition of sodium humate is carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and is a polycondensate of a polyvalent phenolic aromatic compound and a nitrogen compound. The molecular weight distribution is wide, the molecular weight of small molecules is tens of thousands, and the molecular weight of macromolecules is tens of thousands to millions.

The structure of sodium humate is relatively complicated.

It is known that the humic acid molecule contains a benzene ring, a fused ring and some heterocyclic rings (such as pyrrole, furan, anthracene, etc.), and each aromatic ring has a bridge bond, and each ring has an aromatic ring. A functional group is mainly a carboxyl group, a phenol group, a hydroxyl group, a methoxy group, a thiol group or the like. The content of humic acid dry base in sodium humate is more than 75%, which was originally produced as a farm animal companion. It is a good veterinary drug and feed additive for the production of green milk and egg food.

Main effects

1.Sodium humate promotes the activation and absorption of feed ingredients, improves feed conversion ratio, and reduces feed consumption.

2. sodium humate regulates animal endocrine, promotes intestinal convergence and anti-inflammatory effects.

3. sodium humate promotes wound healing, regulates blood circulation, promotes blood clotting, and improves the immunity of animal organisms.

4.Strengthen the effect of vaccination and reduce the cost of medication.

5.Sodium humate promotes growth, increases animal body weight and weight gain rate, prevents intestinal diseases in animals, and prevents diarrhea.

6.Sodium humate helps dry stool formation, reduces fecal ammonia and odor, and improves the feeding environment.


Raising pigs: Sodium humate increases lean meat rate; treatment of yellow and white diarrhea in piglets has a certain inhibitory effect on foot-and-mouth disease virus, and it has synergistic effect with other drugs for treating foot-and-mouth disease.

Breeding chickens, ducks and geese: Sodium humate improves egg production rate and hatching rate, smooth feathers, reduces respiratory infections and Salmonella infection, and prevents chicken mites and white mites.

Aquaculture: Sodium humate prevents shrimp white stool disease and prevents the residual bait at the bottom of the pond from being converted to nitrite and ammonia nitrogen.

On March 13, 2019, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued a drug feed additive withdrawal plan (draft for comments), which means that in addition to traditional Chinese medicine, other drug feed additives will no longer be allowed to use the “medicine add word” number, only use ” Veterinary drug word.” For a time, various anti-zinc-killing products have sprung up like mushrooms. As a natural raw material that is natural and natural, and is not easily absorbed by the intestines, sodium humate has been gradually taken into account in the green and healthy breeding of livestock and poultry.

Sodium humate is a kind of macromolecular organic weak sodium salt with various functions, which is made from weathered coal, peat and lignite. It is non-toxic, odorless, non-corrosive and highly soluble in water. It is widely used. In the fields of agriculture, industry, medicine, etc., it was included in the Catalogue of Feed Materials on December 19, 2013, and it has the functions of convergence, anti-inflammatory and antidiarrheal;

sodium humate has both oxidative and reductive properties, and it can protect water and sodium in the intestine, and treat the problems of piglet diarrhea and sow constipation;

sodium humate enters the digestive tract and forms a colloidal substance that protects the digestive tract from harmful bacteria;

In the poultry feed, due to the astringent effect of sodium humate, the addition of water to the feed can solve the problem of poultry water and overfeed, and the adsorption of sodium humate also causes the ammonia smell to decrease after the chicken manure is discharged.

Due to the wide range of applications of sodium humate, the feed grade sodium humate products on the market are mixed. Beijing Carbon Source Power is a company that has been researching humic acid products for many years in China. Our products meet several quality indicators:

The survival and development of an enterprise cannot be separated from the innovation and development of products. With the development of the industry, the competitiveness of products has also increased. Beijing Carbon Source has been developing humic acid products for many years and has many achievements in the industry. And patents, we continuously improve the quality of products, processing technology, and environmental protection to enhance the competitiveness of products.

As a raw material taken from nature, sodium humate can not only be used as an anti-inflammatory, astringent and anti-diarrheal effect, but also discharged into the soil as a fertilizer, so it is not only in line with the national environmental protection. Requirements, and the country’s policy on ban on zinc reduction is becoming more and more strict, the advantage of sodium humate will also become increasingly prominent, and sodium humate will become the star of the road against zinc reduction.

Sodium humate is widely used in aquaculture

Relying on the physical characteristics of sodium humate, after the application of sodium humate in the pond, the water body will become soy sauce color, thereby blocking part of the sunlight reaching the bottom layer, which can prevent the moss from being used, and is used in aquaculture ponds. This usage is specifically for the case where the algae phase is difficult to adjust, and the moss is difficult to fertilize. Especially in Tangkou, which has just sprouted moss, the cultivation of algae with humic acid fertilizer can control the moss to a certain extent, so that it can float above and avoid the use of drugs that kill moss to affect the growth of farm animals!
Note: Many times everyone used to control the moss. This is only limited to the phenomenon that the moss has just sprouted. Once the moss has grown, this method is almost useless. The reason is that after the moss floats up, everyone can not fish in time, the moss floating on the water surface. You can see the light again, and you will continue to grow, There are more and more situation.

Water and water purification

Utilizing the comprehensive adsorption characteristics of sodium humate, it can assist in the treatment of turbidity, pan-bottom, dead algae, oil film, foam and other water quality conditions. Sodium humate is mainly composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and other elements, which can supplement the carbon source of water. At the same time, sodium humate is a relatively stable natural macromolecular organic substance with aromatic structure, which is composed of sparse aromatic rings. An intermittent network of structures with many voids of varying sizes. Due to its complex structure and multiple functional groups, it has high reactivity and strong adsorption performance. Therefore, in practical applications, the effect of purifying water quality can be achieved, and sodium humate itself can release nascent oxygen, thereby inhibiting the growth of certain bacteria.

Fertilizer water

After decomposition of humic acid, it is a relatively good carbon source fertilizer. Some special uses can also stimulate the rapid propagation of algae, which is more cautious and cautious in the current deterioration of the farming environment. However, sodium humate is a development trend of carbon source fertilizer products. It can provide a large amount of carbon source for algae growth in ponds.


Neutralize toxins, heavy metals, and more. In many manufacturers of powder liquid detoxification products often add a certain amount of sodium humate, one is the color, and the second is indeed the additional effect of clean water, water, detoxification, assisted algae. Once a certain amount of sodium humate is added to the detoxification product, it can turn a very popular product into a functional product that may be surprisingly effective. Why not do it for the manufacturer? But it’s important to note that not enough is all in vain. So I hope everyone will treat medicines correctly!

1. Sodium humate used in livestocks and sodium humate formula.

Recessive mastitis is a common and frequently-occurring disease in dairy cows. According to the statistics of the International Dairy Federation, the incidence of this disease is as high as 50%.

Among the cows that have been eliminated due to various diseases, recessive mastitis takes the first place. In the United States, milk production due to the disease has declined, and annual economic losses amounted to $1 to $1.2 billion. In China, Inner Mongolia, the four cities of the two cities, the average recessive mastitis cattle accounted for about 80%, which is the main factor restricting the health and milk production of dairy cows for several years.

Some units in Inner Mongolia treated cryptic mastitis with sodium humate (25g/d•head). The cure rate from day 8 to day 58 was 15.71~52.38%, and the effective rate was 55.71~84.76. %. The addition of sodium humate was stopped for 30 days and 60 days, and the consolidation rates were 93.60% and 73.25%, respectively.

The experiment also found that the lymphocyte conversion rate in bovine blood fed with sodium humate increased from 47.5% to 57.1%, and whey globulin also increased, indicating an increase in immune function.

2.Goat abortion rate decreased from 19.4~28.05% to 1.62~7.69%, and the postpartum incidence

It is believed that the primary causes of the incidence in China’s Mongolian region are malnutrition caused by severe natural conditions such as wind and cold, grassland degradation, lack of drinking water and parasite invasion, low disease resistance, and infection by certain pathogens.

A livestock station in Etuoke Banner, Inner Mongolia [36] treated the “preservation powder” prepared with sodium humate as the main raw material for the treatment of goat abortion for three years, the abortion rate decreased from 19.4~28.05% to 1.62~7.69%, and the postpartum incidence ,The rate is also significantly reduced.

3.Sodium humate used to treat diseases in lambs

Some places in Inner Mongolia insisted on the treatment of lambs with sodium humate for 3 years, and the cure rate reached 83.3~98.1%. Some animal husbandry stations in Xinjiang used humate to treat lamb diarrhea, in which 100% of simple dyspepsia recovered, 92.8% of toxic indigestion recovered, and 75% of dysentery recovered.

Especially effective to Lamb stomatitis.

The incidence rate in Xinjiang is almost 100%, seriously affecting the diseased lamb breastfeeding, resulting in malnutrition of the lamb, and often died of secondary infection. Wash with 0.5gHA powder or 4% sodium humate solution, the cure rate is above 97.7% .

The incidence of sheep disease in winter is high, often causing a large number of sheep to lose weight, hair loss and even death. Generally use 666+ grams of Liaolin or Lin Dan medicine bath, but the residual toxicity and side effects are large. The humic acid sodium chlorpyrifos (sodium humate + lindane and other complex preparations) developed in Xinjiang is superior to lindane emulsifiable concentrate and deltamethrin, and can prevent meat contamination and improve the quality of sheep skin.

Sodium humate increases yield, reduces disease and pollution

Many fish farms have reported that the feed intake of fish after feeding with sodium humate increased, and the disease resistance and survival rate of larvae increased significantly. According to reports, the fish farms in Baigezhuang District, Hebei Province, soaked the feed cornmeal with 4% sodium humate to make feed and feed the fish.

After 40 days, the survival rate of white carp and grass carp was 298.4% and 24.5% higher than the control, respectively. The weight gain was 190.8% and 34.5% more than the control. Yu Linchuan and other modified humic acid preparation FA-1 for feeding river crab for 6 months, the yield per mu increased by 20kg, the ratio of production/injection was 55:1;

The survival rate of the young crab was soaked with FA-2 solution, and the survival rate was increased by 10%; -1, the average weight gain increased by 5.7%, and the survival rate increased by 12.14%. Sodium humate also has certain effects on the prevention and treatment of certain common diseases. For example, the Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Bureau of Beijing Haidian District uses a 0.02% concentration of sodium humate to “bath” the fish infected with white skin disease and water mold, and healed after 7-10 days. The survival rate was 100%, while the control group mortality was 7.5% [41].

It also has a certain effect on fish enteritis.

The cationic semipermeable membrane test [42] showed that the absorption of Cu in the complex state by the surimi was about half lower than that of the free Cu2+. Obviously, the sodium humate treated water may reduce or prevent the pollution of heavy metals to fish, Fish food safety offers new ideas.

Sodium humate is a natural and pollution-free feed additive in poultry feed additives. It has obvious effects in promoting poultry growth and development, improving meat and egg yield and quality, and can be used as an anti-inflammatory, immune and antibacterial drug.

Function of sodium humate

  1. Sodium humate regulates acid and alkali balance in the body
  2. Sodium humate promotes and improves the quality and quality of meat and eggs
  3. Sodium humate enhances body and immunity
  4. Sodium humate reduces mortality
  5. Sodium humate can reduce ammonia emissions and reduce fecal odor
  6. Sodium humate can effectively prevent, control and treat diseases
  7. Sodium humate can effectively prevent chicken feathers, appendix and soft-foot disease, and duck and goose disease
  8. Sodium humate can effectively control common white cockroaches, reduce morbidity and reduce mortality


Chicken seedling growth and development and prevention and treatment of chalk test results
Item Treatment (% of dry feed weight added) Primary average weight
g/only 14d average weight
g/only due to chalk mortality
Oxytocin Adding sodium humate
CK1 0 0 37.5 154.4 47.5
CK2 0.3 0 38.0 199.7 7.8
Test group 0.3 0.3 37.8 227.3 1.4
In addition to increasing the average weight gain of chickens by 11.4%, the incidence of respiratory infections was reduced by 75%, Salmonella infections by 45%, and 9.6% of feed was saved.


  1. Sodium humate as a drinking water additive, 1-2 kg per 1000 liters of drinking water
  2. Sodium humate as a feed additive, applying about 1-2% of the whole feed

The quality of aquaculture water quality is an important part of the success of aquaculture. This is the reason for raising water first. In recent years, with the development of aquaculture technology, in order to increase the yield per unit area, high-density culture technology has been widely adopted.

As a result, the feed per unit area will be greatly increased, because the feed rate is not very high, and the remaining high protein After the feed sinks to the bottom, it will ferment H2S, ammonia nitrogen, and toxic and harmful substances such as nitrous acid, and also increase the content of organic matter in the water.

The presence of these substances will seriously affect the growth of fish or shrimp, and the mortality rate. Will improve. Lighter production cuts, the heavy all over the army, the particles are not collected, if the situation occurs in the middle and late breeding period, the loss is more serious.

At present, the methods for water purification and bottom reform of aquaculture mainly include: (1) adsorption of sediment by other boiling stone powder and iron or aluminum salt. Because the zeolite powder contains a large number of micropores, it can adsorb ammonia nitrogen, H2S, and other heavy metals in the water, so that it sinks to the bottom and reduces the distribution in the water of the pond. The use of inorganic polymer is to use the hydroxide colloid produced by it to adsorb the organic suspension in the water body and precipitate on the bottom of the pond to improve the transparency. 2 The use of microbial preparations is a new way to purify and reform the aquaculture water.

For example, photosynthetic bacteria can make full use of harmful substances in water, as well as other organic pollutants as nutrients for growth and reproduction of bacteria. Using photosynthetic bacteria, the removal rate of ammonia nitrogen in water is 66%, the removal rate of chemical oxygen demand (COD) is over 94%, and the removal rate of biological oxygen consumption (BOD) is over 98%.

The use of sodium humate for the purification and bottom-up of water quality in aquaculture is determined by its special structure and properties. Sodium humate has a colloidal nature and exhibits a loose structure in an aqueous solution. In addition, it contains a variety of reactive groups, and therefore, it has strong ion exchange capacity, adsorption, complexation, and affinity.

According to the electron microscope observation of Flaiy et al., the minimum dispersed particle of sodium humate in water is 6-10 nm, so that the sodium humate particles and other particles adsorbed together will aggregate and produce flocculent precipitate, thereby purifying the water body. The role of organic matter to improve water quality transparency.

The various active genes contained in sodium humate have a complexation effect on harmful heavy metals in the water, and are purified by precipitation to purify water. The pH value of marine aquaculture water is generally 8.0-8.5. The sodium humate contains phenolic hydroxyl groups.

The complexation principle is

The complexation of metal ions by sodium humate, Beck-With used potentiometric titrator to summarize their stability order, namely Pb2+>Cu2+>Ni2+>Co2+>Zn2+>Cd2+>Fe2+>Mn2+>Mg2+.

In the shrimp breeding, the Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences studied the toxicity of heavy metals on juvenile shrimp by sodium humate. It was found that sodium humate could purify water, relieve the toxicity of Pb2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ to juvenile shrimp, and effectively promote the young. Shrimp growth, the survival rate increased by 14%, the pond period is advanced, the larvae are strong, the vitality is strong, and the posture is neat.

Zhanjiang Ocean University and Zhanjiang Fubang Biochemical Co., Ltd. studied the water-purifying and bottom-reducing effects of sodium humate in the shrimp farm area of ​​Nanshan Island. The result is that 1 to 15 kg of sodium humate is applied per acre, the water quality is stable for more than 10 days, the transparency is maintained at 30 to 40 cm, and the water body is expressed as “fat, live, tender and cool”. Shrimp has strong appetite, strong physical strength and fast growth rate.

Through the control experiment, the interval of 15 days is the first phase, the weight gain rate is 18 3%, and the second phase weight gain rate is 21 6%. Sodium humate has a small molecular weight. In addition to 50% of sodium humate, it has 15% nucleic acid, amino acid (25% 9%), VB, VC, inositol, polysaccharide, etc. These active substances have very much High physiological activity, therefore, these substances can promote the growth of beneficial microorganisms in water and the growth of unicellular algae. The growth of these organisms can increase the dissolved oxygen content of water, and also provide natural food for shrimp.